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Items 1 to 10 of about 65046
1. Lyons K, Radburn C, Orr R, Pope R: A Profile of Injuries Sustained by Law Enforcement Officers: A Critical Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health; 2017 Feb 03;14(2)
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Wounds and Injuries.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The most common body site of injury was the upper extremity, the most common injury types were soft-tissue sprains and strains and the most common cause of injury was a non-compliant offender, often involving assault.

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  • (PMID = 28165373.001).
  • [ISSN] 1660-4601
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of environmental research and public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Environ Res Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; injury / law enforcement / occupational health / police / tactical
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2. Altmäe S, Segura MT, Esteban FJ, Bartel S, Brandi P, Irmler M, Beckers J, Demmelmair H, López-Sabater C, Koletzko B, Krauss-Etschmann S, Campoy C: Maternal Pre-Pregnancy Obesity Is Associated with Altered Placental Transcriptome. PLoS One; 2017;12(1):e0169223

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Maternal Pre-Pregnancy Obesity Is Associated with Altered Placental Transcriptome.
  • Maternal obesity has a major impact on pregnancy outcomes.
  • There is growing evidence that maternal obesity has a negative influence on placental development and function, thereby adversely influencing offspring programming and health outcomes.
  • We analysed ten term placenta's whole transcriptomes in obese (n = 5) and normal weight women (n = 5), using the Affymetrix microarray platform.
  • Analyses of expression data were carried out using non-parametric methods.
  • Hierarchical clustering and principal component analysis showed a clear distinction in placental transcriptome between obese and normal weight women.
  • We identified 72 differentially regulated genes, with most being down-regulated in obesity (n = 61).
  • Functional analyses of the targets using DAVID and IPA confirm the dysregulation of previously identified processes and pathways in the placenta from obese women, including inflammation and immune responses, lipid metabolism, cancer pathways, and angiogenesis.
  • In addition, we detected new molecular aspects of obesity-derived effects on the placenta, involving the glucocorticoid receptor signalling pathway and dysregulation of several genes including CCL2, FSTL3, IGFBP1, MMP12, PRG2, PRL, QSOX1, SERPINE2 and TAC3.
  • Our global gene expression profiling approach demonstrates that maternal obesity creates a unique in utero environment that impairs the placental transcriptome.

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  • (PMID = 28125591.001).
  • [ISSN] 1932-6203
  • [Journal-full-title] PloS one
  • [ISO-abbreviation] PLoS ONE
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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3. Frayon S, Cherrier S, Cavaloc Y, Wattelez G, Touitou A, Zongo P, Yacef K, Caillaud C, Lerrant Y, Galy O: Misperception of weight status in the pacific: preliminary findings in rural and urban 11- to 16-year-olds of New Caledonia. BMC Public Health; 2017 Jan 05;17(1):25

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is prevalent in Pacific region ethnic groups (European, Melanesian and Polynesian) living in both urban and rural areas.
  • The International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) standards were used to define weight status as normal-weight, underweight or overweight/obese.
  • However, half the overweight/obese adolescents underestimated their weight status (53% boys and 48% girls).

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  • (PMID = 28056931.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2458
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adolescents / Ethnicity / Melanesian / Overweight / Polynesian / Weight perception
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4. Sun J, Huang T, Qi Z, You S, Dong J, Zhang C, Qin L, Zhou Y, Ding S: Early Mitochondrial Adaptations in Skeletal Muscle to Obesity and Obesity Resistance Differentially Regulated by High-Fat Diet. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes; 2017 Apr 25;

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Early Mitochondrial Adaptations in Skeletal Muscle to Obesity and Obesity Resistance Differentially Regulated by High-Fat Diet.
  • The mechanism for different susceptibilities to obesity after short-term high-fat diet (HFD) feeding is largely unknown.
  • Given the close association between obesity occurrence and mitochondrial dysfunction, the early events in skeletal muscle mitochondrial adaptations between HFD-induced obesity (DIO) and HFD-induced obesity resistant (DIO-R) lean phenotype under excess nutritional environment were explored.ICR/JCL male mice were randomly divided into 2 groups, as follows: low-fat diet (LFD) and HFD groups.
  • The diverse alterations on fatty acid oxidation and mitochondrial biogenesis pathway induced by AMPK activation might be involved in different susceptibilities to obesity when consuming HFD.

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  • [Copyright] © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.
  • (PMID = 28444662.001).
  • [ISSN] 1439-3646
  • [Journal-full-title] Experimental and clinical endocrinology & diabetes : official journal, German Society of Endocrinology [and] German Diabetes Association
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exp. Clin. Endocrinol. Diabetes
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
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5. Curry LE, Rogers T, Williams P, Homsi G, Willett J, Schmitt CL: Public Attitudes and Support for a Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Tax in America's Heartland. Health Promot Pract; 2017 Jun 01;:1524839917709759

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Policy and environmental strategies are part of a comprehensive approach to obesity prevention.
  • METHOD: We collected data via a 2014 representative dual-frame (cellular and landline) telephone survey of 2,203 adult Kansans regarding healthy eating policy support and beliefs about obesity causes and solutions.
  • Causal and responsibility attributions of obesity were significantly associated with policy support.
  • Individuals who attribute more responsibility for the solution to the obesity epidemic to environmental factors were more likely to support a tax, regardless of their political affiliation.

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  • (PMID = 28587533.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-8399
  • [Journal-full-title] Health promotion practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Health Promot Pract
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; obesity prevention / public health policy / public opinion / sugar-sweetened beverage
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6. Ramírez-Vélez R, Moreno-Jiménez J, Correa-Bautista JE, Martínez-Torres J, González-Ruiz K, González-Jiménez E, Schmidt-RioValle J, Lobelo F, Garcia-Hermoso A: Using LMS tables to determine waist circumference and waist-to-height ratios in Colombian children and adolescents: the FUPRECOL study. BMC Pediatr; 2017 Jul 11;17(1):162

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) are often used as indices predictive of central obesity.
  • 2) to evaluate the utility of these parameters as predictors of overweight and obesity.
  • Appropriate cut-off points of WC and WHtR for overweight and obesity, according to International Obesity Task Force definitions, were selected using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis.
  • ROC analysis revealed strong discrimination power in the identification of overweight and obesity for both measures in our sample population.
  • Overall, WHtR was a slightly better predictor of overweight/obesity (AUC 95% CI 0.868-0.916) than WC (AUC 95% CI 0.862-0.904).
  • The LMS tables obtained, based on Colombian reference data, can be used as quantitative tools for the study of obesity and its comorbidities.

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  • (PMID = 28697745.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2431
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Pediatr
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Anthropometric indices / Central obesity / Reference values
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7. Jia P, Xue H, Zhang J, Wang Y: Time Trend and Demographic and Geographic Disparities in Childhood Obesity Prevalence in China-Evidence from Twenty Years of Longitudinal Data. Int J Environ Res Public Health; 2017 Mar 31;14(4)
NCI CPTAC Assay Portal. NCI CPTAC Assay Portal .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Time Trend and Demographic and Geographic Disparities in Childhood Obesity Prevalence in China-Evidence from Twenty Years of Longitudinal Data.
  • Childhood overweight and obesity (ow/ob) has become a serious threat to many countries, including China.
  • This study examined the secular trends and geographic variation in the prevalence of ow/ob and obesity only, and age, gender, and urban-rural disparities among school-aged children across China.
  • Overweight and obesity were defined based on the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) recommended Asian age-sex-specific BMI cut-off-points.
  • (1) childhood ow/ob and obesity prevalence increased from 11.7% to 25.2% and from 2.8% to 10.1% during 1991-2011, respectively;.
  • (2) children aged 6-12 experienced a 1.3 and 1.6 times increase in ow/ob and obesity prevalence than children aged 13-17, respectively;.
  • (3) the urban-rural gap in ow/ob prevalence widened;.
  • (4) ow/ob prevalence in boys was higher and increased faster than in girls, especially in an urban setting; and (5) geographic variation was observed with faster increases in more economically developed east, central and northeast regions than in the less developed west.
  • The findings added more nuances to the picture of temporal changes in ow/ob prevalence among Chinese children.

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  • (PMID = 28362361.001).
  • [ISSN] 1660-4601
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of environmental research and public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Environ Res Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / R01 HD064685; United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / U54 HD070725
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; China / child / obesity / overweight
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8. Hennessy D, Garner R, Flanagan WMFRWACNM, Wall R, Nadeau C: Development of a population-based microsimulation model of body mass index. Health Rep; 2017 Jun 21;28(6):20-30

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: The increasing prevalence of overweight and obesity has necessitated the development of body mass index (BMI) projection models such as the POpulation HEalth Model (POHEM).
  • This study describes the POHEM-BMI model, a microsimulation tool that can be used to support evidence-based health policy making for obesity reduction.
  • Projections of self-reported BMI show that 59% of the adult population will be overweight or obese by 2030; projections of measured BMI show that the percentage will be 66%.

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  • (PMID = 28636070.001).
  • [ISSN] 1209-1367
  • [Journal-full-title] Health reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Health Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Canada
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Health projections / POHEM / obesity / overweight / physical activity / population surveillance
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9. Cyril S, Nicholson JM, Agho K, Polonsky M, Renzaho AM: Barriers and facilitators to childhood obesity prevention among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities in Victoria, Australia. Aust N Z J Public Health; 2017 Jun;41(3):287-293

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Barriers and facilitators to childhood obesity prevention among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities in Victoria, Australia.
  • OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity is rising among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups who show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives.
  • We examined the barriers and facilitators to the engagement of CALD communities in obesity prevention initiatives.
  • Data analysis revealed ranked priorities for barriers and facilitators for CALD community engagement in obesity prevention initiatives.
  • Implications for Public Health: These recommendations can directly influence public health policy to improve the engagement of CALD communities in obesity prevention services and ultimately reduce the widening obesity disparities in Australia.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 The Authors.
  • (PMID = 28245512.001).
  • [ISSN] 1753-6405
  • [Journal-full-title] Australian and New Zealand journal of public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aust N Z J Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; childhood obesity / disadvantaged / migrants / obesity inequalities / obesity prevention
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10. US Preventive Services Task Force, Grossman DC, Bibbins-Domingo K, Curry SJ, Barry MJ, Davidson KW, Doubeni CA, Epling JW Jr, Kemper AR, Krist AH, Kurth AE, Landefeld CS, Mangione CM, Phipps MG, Silverstein M, Simon MA, Tseng CW: Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement. JAMA; 2017 Jun 20;317(23):2417-2426
Hazardous Substances Data Bank. METFORMIN HYDROCHLORIDE .

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Screening for Obesity in Children and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement.
  • Importance: Based on year 2000 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention growth charts, approximately 17% of children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years in the United States have obesity, and almost 32% of children and adolescents are overweight or have obesity.
  • Obesity in children and adolescents is associated with morbidity such as mental health and psychological issues, asthma, obstructive sleep apnea, orthopedic problems, and adverse cardiovascular and metabolic outcomes (eg, high blood pressure, abnormal lipid levels, and insulin resistance).
  • Obesity in childhood and adolescence may continue into adulthood and lead to adverse cardiovascular outcomes or other obesity-related morbidity, such as type 2 diabetes.
  • Subpopulation Considerations: Although the overall rate of child and adolescent obesity has stabilized over the last decade after increasing steadily for 3 decades, obesity rates continue to increase in certain populations, such as African American girls and Hispanic boys.
  • These racial/ethnic differences in obesity prevalence are likely a result of both genetic and nongenetic factors (eg, socioeconomic status, intake of sugar-sweetened beverages and fast food, and having a television in the bedroom).
  • Objective: To update the 2010 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on screening for obesity in children 6 years and older.
  • Evidence Review: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on screening for obesity in children and adolescents and the benefits and harms of weight management interventions.
  • Findings: Comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions (≥26 contact hours) in children and adolescents 6 years and older who have obesity can result in improvements in weight status for up to 12 months; there is inadequate evidence regarding the effectiveness of less intensive interventions.
  • Therefore, the USPSTF concluded with moderate certainty that screening for obesity in children and adolescents 6 years and older is of moderate net benefit.
  • Conclusions and Recommendation: The USPSTF recommends that clinicians screen for obesity in children and adolescents 6 years and older and offer or refer them to comprehensive, intensive behavioral interventions to promote improvements in weight status. (B recommendation).
  • [MeSH-major] Advisory Committees. Body Mass Index. Mass Screening. Pediatric Obesity / diagnosis

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Obesity.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Obesity in Children.
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  • [CommentIn] JAMA. 2017 Jun 20;317(23 ):2378-2380 [28632849.001]
  • (PMID = 28632874.001).
  • [ISSN] 1538-3598
  • [Journal-full-title] JAMA
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JAMA
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Guideline; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Hypoglycemic Agents; 9100L32L2N / Metformin
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