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Items 1 to 10 of about 66270
1. Kułaga Z, Grajda A, Gurzkowska B, Wojtyło MA, Góźdź M, Litwin MS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school- aged children and adolescents. Przegl Epidemiol; 2016;70(4):641-651
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Obesity in Children.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school- aged children and adolescents
  • THE AIM: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school-aged children and adolescents in a population-based, random sample.
  • The prevalence of overweight and obesity was determined using three childhood obesity definitions: the Centers for Disease Control, the International Obesity Task Force, and the World Health Organization.
  • The prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents aged 13−18 years was in the range 14.6−19.4% and 10.3−13.0%, boys and girls, respectively, using international definitions of childhood overweight.
  • The prevalence of obesity among children aged 7−12 years was in the range 5.5−13.1% and 3.6−6.4%, in boys and girls, respectively.
  • The prevalence of obesity among adolescents aged 13−18 years was in the range3.4−5.0% and 2.0−2.6%, boys and girls, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The estimates of overweight and obesity prevalence varied substantially by age group, gender and the definition used.
  • Comparing to the European countries, Poland had medium to high level of childhood and youth overweight and obesity prevalence.
  • High prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish children and adolescents requires implementation of public health approach to the problem.
  • [MeSH-major] Child Welfare / statistics & numerical data. Pediatric Obesity / diagnosis. Pediatric Obesity / epidemiology

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Obesity.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Children's Health.
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  • (PMID = 28233966.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2100
  • [Journal-full-title] Przeglad epidemiologiczny
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Przegl Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng; pol
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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2. Dias PC, Henriques P, Anjos LAD, Burlandy L: Obesity and public policies: the Brazilian government's definitions and strategies. Cad Saude Publica; 2017 Jul 27;33(7):e00006016

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Obesity and public policies: the Brazilian government's definitions and strategies.
  • [Transliterated title] Obesidade e políticas públicas: concepções e estratégias adotadas pelo governo brasileiro.
  • The study analyzes national strategies for dealing with obesity in Brazil in the framework of the Brazilian Unified National Health System (SUS) and the Food and Nutritional Security System (SISAN).
  • Based on the document analysis method, we examined government documents produced in the last 15 years in the following dimensions: definitions of obesity, proposed actions, and strategies for linkage between sectors.
  • In the SUS, obesity is approached as both a risk factor and a disease, with individual and social/environmental approaches aimed at changing eating practices and physical activity.
  • In the SISAN, obesity is also conceived as a social problem involving food insecurity, and new modes of producing, marketing, and consuming foods are proposed to change eating practices in an integrated way.
  • Proposals in the SUS point to an integrated and intra-sector approach to obesity, while those in SISAN emphasize the problem's inter-sector nature from an expanded perspective that challenges the prevailing sector-based institutional structures.
  • [MeSH-major] Health Promotion / trends. National Health Programs / trends. Nutrition Policy / trends. Obesity / prevention & control

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  • (PMID = 28767957.001).
  • [ISSN] 1678-4464
  • [Journal-full-title] Cadernos de saude publica
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Cad Saude Publica
  • [Language] por; eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Brazil
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3. Comans T, Moretto N, Byrnes J: Public Preferences for the Use of Taxation and Labelling Policy Measures to Combat Obesity in Young Children in Australia. Int J Environ Res Public Health; 2017 Mar 21;14(3)
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Obesity in Children.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Public Preferences for the Use of Taxation and Labelling Policy Measures to Combat Obesity in Young Children in Australia.
  • <i>Objective</i>: Childhood obesity is a serious concern for developed and developing countries.
  • <i>Methods</i>: An online survey (<i>n</i> = 563) was used to assess parental/caregiver preferences for taxation policy options and nutrition labelling designed to address the incidence of childhood obesity.
  • [MeSH-major] Food Labeling. Health Promotion / methods. Nutrition Policy. Parents / psychology. Pediatric Obesity / prevention & control. Taxes

  • Genetic Alliance. consumer health - Obesity.
  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Food Labeling.
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  • (PMID = 28335575.001).
  • [ISSN] 1660-4601
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of environmental research and public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int J Environ Res Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; food labelling / public health policy / public preferences / taxation
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4. Gamboa-Delgado EM, González de Cossío T, Colchero-Aragonés A: [Obesity risk in preschoolers beneficiaries of food aid programs]. Rev Salud Publica (Bogota); 2016 Aug;18(4):643-655

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Obesity risk in preschoolers beneficiaries of food aid programs].
  • [Transliterated title] Riesgo de sobrepeso en niños preescolares beneficiarios de programas de ayuda alimentaria.
  • Objective To review the evidence regarding the potential impact of food programs on the risk of obesity in beneficiary children.
  • Results Food assistance programs could contribute to increased obesity rates in the target population due to the availability and easier access to food with high energy content, either through the delivery of provisions or cash.
  • Conclusion This review contributes to knowledge about the possible effect that food programs have on the risk of obesity in beneficiary children.

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  • (PMID = 28453068.001).
  • [ISSN] 0124-0064
  • [Journal-full-title] Revista de salud publica (Bogota, Colombia)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Rev Salud Publica (Bogota)
  • [Language] spa
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Colombia
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5. Smith C: Prevalence of obesity and contributing factors among Sherpa women in urban and rural Nepal. Am J Hum Biol; 1998;10(4):519-528

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Prevalence of obesity and contributing factors among Sherpa women in urban and rural Nepal.
  • This report used data from a prospective longitudinal study to assess the prevalence of obesity among Sherpa women and to determine which factors were most predictive of it.
  • Although mean BMI was in the range associated with the overall lowest risk to health, distribution of the BMI showed that 29% of the urban low altitude sample were classified obese.
  • The prevalence of obesity was correlated with reduced energy expenditure, not to an increase in consumed calories.
  • These data suggest that Sherpa women may potentially be at risk of chronic health problems in the future because of increased adiposity. Am. J. Hum. Biol.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
  • (PMID = 28561471.001).
  • [ISSN] 1520-6300
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of human biology : the official journal of the Human Biology Council
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am. J. Hum. Biol.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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6. Chang YH: Common therapeutic target for both cancer and obesity. World J Biol Chem; 2017 May 26;8(2):102-107

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Common therapeutic target for both cancer and obesity.
  • Obesity and cancer are two interrelated conditions of high epidemiological need, with studies showing that obesity is responsible for nearly 25% of the relative contribution to cancer incidence.
  • Given the connection between these conditions, a drug that can operate on both obesity and cancer is highly desirable.
  • Though this lack of success could be attributed to off-target adverse effects, the underlying causes remain unclear.
  • However, due to insufficient knowledge of the biological functions of N-terminal protein processing, it is hard to predict whether these novel inhibitors would successfully pass clinical trials and thereby benefit cancer and obesity patients.

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  • (PMID = 28588753.001).
  • [ISSN] 1949-8454
  • [Journal-full-title] World journal of biological chemistry
  • [ISO-abbreviation] World J Biol Chem
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Editorial
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Angiogenesis / Cancer / Diabetes / Methionine aminopeptidase / Obesity / Protein maturation / Protein modification / Protein processing / Protein stability
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7. Lyall DM, Celis-Morales C, Ward J, Iliodromiti S, Anderson JJ, Gill JMR, Smith DJ, Ntuk UE, Mackay DF, Holmes MV, Sattar N, Pell JP: Association of Body Mass Index With Cardiometabolic Disease in the UK Biobank: A Mendelian Randomization Study. JAMA Cardiol; 2017 Aug 01;2(8):882-889

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Association of Body Mass Index With Cardiometabolic Disease in the UK Biobank: A Mendelian Randomization Study.
  • Importance: Higher body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for cardiometabolic disease; however, the underlying causal associations remain unclear.
  • Objectives: To use UK Biobank data to report causal estimates of the association between BMI and cardiometabolic disease outcomes and traits, such as pulse rate, using mendelian randomization.
  • Main Outcomes and Measures: Prevalence of hypertension, coronary heart disease, and type 2 diabetes were determined at assessment, based on self-report.
  • Mendelian randomization analysis showed significant positive associations between genetically instrumented higher BMI and risk of hypertension (odds ratio [OR] per 1-SD higher BMI, 1.64; 95% CI, 1.48-1.83; P = 1.1 × 10-19), coronary heart disease (OR, 1.35; 95% CI, 1.09-1.69; P = .007) and type 2 diabetes (OR, 2.53; 95% CI, 2.04-3.13; P = 1.5 × 10-17), as well as systolic blood pressure (β = 1.65 mm Hg; 95% CI, 0.78-2.52 mm Hg; P = 2.0 × 10-04) and diastolic blood pressure (β  = 1.37 mm Hg; 95% CI, 0.88-1.85 mm Hg; P = 3.6 × 10-08).
  • This finding has relevance for public health policies in many countries with increasing obesity levels.

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  • (PMID = 28678979.001).
  • [ISSN] 2380-6591
  • [Journal-full-title] JAMA cardiology
  • [ISO-abbreviation] JAMA Cardiol
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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8. Park BY, Hong J, Park H: Neuroimaging biomarkers to associate obesity and negative emotions. Sci Rep; 2017 Aug 09;7(1):7664

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Neuroimaging biomarkers to associate obesity and negative emotions.
  • Obesity is a serious medical condition highly associated with health problems such as diabetes, hypertension, and stroke.
  • Obesity is highly associated with negative emotional states, but the relationship between obesity and emotional states in terms of neuroimaging has not been fully explored.
  • The brain activity in amygdala derived from t-fMRI might be good neuroimaging biomarker for explaining the relationship between obesity and a negative emotional state.

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  • (PMID = 28794427.001).
  • [ISSN] 2045-2322
  • [Journal-full-title] Scientific reports
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Sci Rep
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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9. Tuyet LT, Nhung BT, Dao DTA, Hanh NTH, Tuyen LD, Binh TQ, Thuc VTM: The Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Val66Met Polymorphism, Delivery Method, Birth Weight, and Night Sleep Duration as Determinants of Obesity in Vietnamese Children of Primary School Age. Child Obes; 2017 Oct;13(5):392-399

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor Val66Met Polymorphism, Delivery Method, Birth Weight, and Night Sleep Duration as Determinants of Obesity in Vietnamese Children of Primary School Age.
  • BACKGROUND: Obesity is a complex disease that involves both environmental and genetic factors in its pathogenesis.
  • Several studies have identified multiple obesity-associated loci in many populations.
  • However, their contribution to obesity in the Vietnamese population is not fully described, especially in children.
  • The study aimed to investigate the association of obesity with Val66Met polymorphism in brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, delivery method, birth weight, and lifestyle factors in Vietnamese primary school children.
  • METHODS: A case-control study was conducted on 559 children aged 6-11 years (278 obese cases and 281 normal controls).
  • The obesity of the children was classified using both criteria of International Obesity Task Force (IOTF, 2000) and World Health Organization (WHO, 2007).
  • RESULTS: The most significantly independent factors for obesity were delivery method (cesarean section vs. vaginal delivery, β = 0.56, p = 0.007), birth weight (>3500 to <4000 g vs. 2500-3500 g, β = 0.52, p = 0.035; ≥4000 g vs. 2500-3500 g, β = 1.06, p = 0.015), night sleep duration (<8 h/day vs. ≥8 h/day, β = 0.99, p < 0.0001), and BDNF Val66Met polymorphism (AA and GG vs. AG, β = 0.38, p = 0.039).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The study suggested the significant association of delivery method, birth weight, night sleep duration, and BDNF Val66Met polymorphism, with obesity in Vietnamese primary school children.

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  • (PMID = 28471701.001).
  • [ISSN] 2153-2176
  • [Journal-full-title] Childhood obesity (Print)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Child Obes
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; BDNF-rs6265 / Vietnamese children / associated factors / obesity
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10. Cyril S, Nicholson JM, Agho K, Polonsky M, Renzaho AM: Barriers and facilitators to childhood obesity prevention among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities in Victoria, Australia. Aust N Z J Public Health; 2017 Jun;41(3):287-293

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Barriers and facilitators to childhood obesity prevention among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities in Victoria, Australia.
  • OBJECTIVE: Childhood obesity is rising among culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) groups who show poor engagement in obesity prevention initiatives.
  • We examined the barriers and facilitators to the engagement of CALD communities in obesity prevention initiatives.
  • Data analysis revealed ranked priorities for barriers and facilitators for CALD community engagement in obesity prevention initiatives.
  • Implications for Public Health: These recommendations can directly influence public health policy to improve the engagement of CALD communities in obesity prevention services and ultimately reduce the widening obesity disparities in Australia.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 The Authors.
  • (PMID = 28245512.001).
  • [ISSN] 1753-6405
  • [Journal-full-title] Australian and New Zealand journal of public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Aust N Z J Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Australia
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; childhood obesity / disadvantaged / migrants / obesity inequalities / obesity prevention
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