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Items 1 to 10 of about 64208
1. Brown V, Moodie M, Cobiac L, Mantilla Herrera AM, Carter R: Obesity-related health impacts of fuel excise taxation- an evidence review and cost-effectiveness study. BMC Public Health; 2017 May 04;17(1):359

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Obesity-related health impacts of fuel excise taxation- an evidence review and cost-effectiveness study.
  • BACKGROUND: Reducing automobile dependence and improving rates of active transport may reduce the impact of obesogenic environments, thereby decreasing population prevalence of obesity and other diseases where physical inactivity is a risk factor.
  • Increasing the relative cost of driving by an increase in fuel taxation may therefore be a promising public health intervention for obesity prevention.
  • METHODS: A scoping review of the evidence for obesity or physical activity effect of changes in fuel price or taxation was undertaken.
  • Potential health benefits of an increase in fuel excise taxation in Australia were quantified using Markov modelling to simulate obesity, injury and physical activity related health impacts of a fuel excise taxation intervention for the 2010 Australian population.
  • Only three studies were identified reporting associations between fuel price or taxation and obesity, whilst nine studies reported associations specifically with physical activity, walking or cycling.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Exploratory analysis suggests that an intervention to increase fuel excise taxation may deliver obesity and physical activity related benefits.

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  • (PMID = 28468618.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2458
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Active transport / Cost-effectiveness / Obesity / Physical activity
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2. Emmons R, Niemiro GM, De Lisio M: Hematopoiesis with Obesity and Exercise: Role of the Bone Marrow Niche. Exerc Immunol Rev; 2017;23:82-95

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Hematopoiesis with Obesity and Exercise: Role of the Bone Marrow Niche.
  • Diet induced obesity results in a dramatic remodeling of the bone marrow niche, skewing HSPC function resulting in a compromised immune system.
  • Exercise is a viable treatment option for deficits imposed by obesity and to combat immune dysfunction; however, the impact of exercise on the bone marrow niche is not well defined.
  • This review summarizes the available information on how obesity disrupts the normal bone marrow niche and HSPC function.
  • In addition, we review the limited data available detailing how exercise may be used to combat obesity induced bone marrow dysfunction, and discuss future directions for research in this field.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 International Society of Exercise and Immunology. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28224968.001).
  • [ISSN] 1077-5552
  • [Journal-full-title] Exercise immunology review
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Exerc Immunol Rev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Germany
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Exercise training / HSC / MSC / diet-induced obesity
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3. Meegan AP, Perry IJ, Phillips CM: The Association between Dietary Quality and Dietary Guideline Adherence with Mental Health Outcomes in Adults: A Cross-Sectional Analysis. Nutrients; 2017 Mar 05;9(3)

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The prevalence of adverse mental health outcomes in adults is increasing.
  • This remained significant among females (OR = 1.92, (95% CI 1.14-3.23, <i>p</i> = 0.014) and non-obese individuals (OR = 2.03, 95% CI 1.28-3.20, <i>p</i> = 0.003).

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  • (PMID = 28273871.001).
  • [ISSN] 2072-6643
  • [Journal-full-title] Nutrients
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nutrients
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Mitchelstown cohort / anxiety / cross-sectional study / depression / dietary quality / mental health / well-being
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4. Vats MG, Mahboub BH, Al Hariri H, Al Zaabi A, Vats D: Obesity and Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders in Middle East and UAE. Can Respir J; 2016;2016:9673054

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Obesity and Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders in Middle East and UAE.
  • A pandemic of obesity is sweeping all across the globe and the Middle East region also does not remain untouched by this prevailing pandemic.
  • In fact, as per WHO report, Kuwait has the second highest obesity prevalence followed closely by other Middle East (ME) countries, namely, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and United Arab Emirates (UAE).
  • Apart from direct medical, psychological, and quality of life related adverse effects of obesity, many indirect medical comorbidities, namely, obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS), diabetes mellitus (DM), hypertension (HTN), and metabolic syndrome, imposes a significant health burden on the individual and community with consequent morbidity and mortality.
  • The purpose of this review is to shed light on the very high prevalence of obesity, undiagnosed sleep apnea, and other obesity related disorders with discussion of the contributing factors specific to the region including the fair insight into the current status of sleep medicine services in Middle East and UAE despite huge number of patients having undiagnosed sleep disorders.
  • We will also suggest to control this epidemic of obesity and OSA so that the corrective measure could be taken at health ministry level to help people of this region to fight against obesity and related disorders, primarily OSA.

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  • (PMID = 28070158.001).
  • [ISSN] 1916-7245
  • [Journal-full-title] Canadian respiratory journal
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Can. Respir. J.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Review; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Egypt
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5. Gomes JL, Fernandes T, Soci UP, Silveira AC, Barretti DL, Negrão CE, Oliveira EM: Obesity Downregulates MicroRNA-126 Inducing Capillary Rarefaction in Skeletal Muscle: Effects of Aerobic Exercise Training. Oxid Med Cell Longev; 2017;2017:2415246
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Obesity Downregulates MicroRNA-126 Inducing Capillary Rarefaction in Skeletal Muscle: Effects of Aerobic Exercise Training.
  • <i>Background. </i> We investigated the effects of exercise training (ET) on miR-126 levels and skeletal muscle angiogenesis in obese Zucker rats. <i>Results.
  • </i> Zucker rats were randomly assigned to sedentary and swimming-trained groups: lean sedentary (LS) and trained (LTR); obese sedentary (OB) and trained (OBTR).
  • The OB group displayed capillary rarefaction compared with the LS group.
  • VEGF, PI3K, and eNOS levels were reduced in the skeletal muscle of the OB group.
  • Obesity decreased miR-126 and increased PI3KR2 levels compared with the LS group.
  • </i> Our findings show that obesity leads to skeletal muscle capillary rarefaction, which is regulated by decreased miR-126 levels and increased PI3KR2.
  • [MeSH-minor] Animals. Body Composition / physiology. Citrate (si)-Synthase / metabolism. Down-Regulation. Male. Neovascularization, Physiologic. Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III / metabolism. Obesity / metabolism. Obesity / pathology. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / antagonists & inhibitors. Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases / metabolism. Rats. Rats, Zucker. Signal Transduction. Swimming. Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A / metabolism

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  • (PMID = 28367267.001).
  • [ISSN] 1942-0994
  • [Journal-full-title] Oxidative medicine and cellular longevity
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Oxid Med Cell Longev
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / MicroRNAs; 0 / Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor A; EC 1.14.13.39 / Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III; EC 2.3.3.1 / Citrate (si)-Synthase; EC 2.7.1.- / Phosphatidylinositol 3-Kinases
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6. Vaittinen M, Männistö V, Käkelä P, Ågren J, Tiainen M, Schwab U, Pihlajamäki J: Interorgan cross talk between fatty acid metabolism, tissue inflammation, and FADS2 genotype in humans with obesity. Obesity (Silver Spring); 2017 Mar;25(3):545-552
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  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Interorgan cross talk between fatty acid metabolism, tissue inflammation, and FADS2 genotype in humans with obesity.
  • OBJECTIVE: Fatty acid (FA) composition affects obesity-associated low-grade inflammation.
  • METHODS: Cross-sectional baseline data from 155 individuals with obesity (both male and female) participating in the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass operation in the ongoing Kuopio Obesity Surgery Study were used.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 The Obesity Society.
  • (PMID = 28145068.001).
  • [ISSN] 1930-739X
  • [Journal-full-title] Obesity (Silver Spring, Md.)
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Obesity (Silver Spring)
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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7. Hoelscher DM, Ranjit N, Pérez A: Surveillance Systems to Track and Evaluate Obesity Prevention Efforts. Annu Rev Public Health; 2017 Mar 20;38:187-214

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Surveillance Systems to Track and Evaluate Obesity Prevention Efforts.
  • To address the obesity epidemic, the public health community must develop surveillance systems that capture data at levels through which obesity prevention efforts are conducted.
  • The goal of this review is to describe US surveillance systems that evaluate obesity prevention efforts within the context of international trends in obesity monitoring, to identify potential data gaps, and to present recommendations to improve the evaluation of population-level initiatives.
  • Our recommendations include adding environmental and policy measures to surveillance efforts with a focus on addressing underserved populations, harmonizing existing surveillance systems, including more sensitive measures of obesity outcomes, and developing a knowledgeable workforce.

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  • (PMID = 28125393.001).
  • [ISSN] 1545-2093
  • [Journal-full-title] Annual review of public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Annu Rev Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; BMI / EPOP / Evaluating Progress of Obesity Prevention Efforts / body mass index / obesity environmental measures / obesity policy / population health / school surveillance
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8. Allehdan SS, Tayyem RF, Bawadi HA, Al-Awwad NJ, Al-Mannai M, Musaiger AO: Fast foods perception among adolescents by gender and weight status. Nutr Health; 2017 Mar;23(1):39-45

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The frequency of fast food intake is relatively high among adolescents; however, fast food consumption is positively associated with total energy intake and obesity in adolescents.
  • OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the perception of Jordanian adolescents towards fast foods relative to gender and obesity.
  • Numbers who were non-overweight, overweight, and obese were calculated for each age and sex using the International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) standard.
  • Girls were significantly more enthusiastic than boys to consider cuscusi plate ( p < 0.001), rice dishes ( p < 0.002), Chinese foods ( p < 0.001), Indian foods ( p < 0.010), Mexican foods ( p < 0.011), and Italian foods ( p < 0.004) as non-fast foods.
  • The difference between obese and non-obese regarding the perception of fast foods was only significant among boy participants.
  • Western or non-Arab foods, food prepared fast and eaten fast in self-service outlets, and food rich in calories were significantly perceived as fast food by Jordanian adolescents ( p < 0.05).
  • CONCLUSIONS: The perception of foods as fast foods or non-fast foods was significantly different between both genders as well as in obese and non-obese male Jordanian adolescents.

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  • (PMID = 28032519.001).
  • [ISSN] 0260-1060
  • [Journal-full-title] Nutrition and health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nutr Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Fast foods perception / adolescents / body weight status / gender
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9. Leung MY, Carlsson NP, Colditz GA, Chang SH: The Burden of Obesity on Diabetes in the United States: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2008 to 2012. Value Health; 2017 Jan;20(1):77-84

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The Burden of Obesity on Diabetes in the United States: Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, 2008 to 2012.
  • The age-, sex-, race-, and body mass index (BMI)-specific risks of developing diabetes were estimated by fitting an exponential survival function to age at first diabetes diagnosis.
  • RESULTS: We observed a more than 6 times increase in diabetes risks for class III obese (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m<sup>2</sup>) individuals compared with normal-weight individuals.
  • Compared with normal-weight (18.5 ≤ BMI < 25 kg/m<sup>2</sup>) individuals, class II obese (35 ≤ BMI < 40 kg/m<sup>2</sup>) and class III obese (BMI ≥ 40 kg/m<sup>2</sup>) individuals incurred an annual marginal cost of $628 and $756, respectively.
  • The annual health care expenditure differentials between those with and without diabetes of age 50 years were the highest for individuals with class II ($12,907) and class III ($9,703) obesity.
  • CONCLUSIONS: This article highlights the importance of obesity on diabetes burden.
  • Our results suggested that obesity, in particular, class II and class III (i.e., BMI ≥ 35 kg/m<sup>2</sup>) obesity, is associated with a substantial increase in the risk of developing diabetes and imposes a large economic burden.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research (ISPOR). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 28212973.001).
  • [ISSN] 1524-4733
  • [Journal-full-title] Value in health : the journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Value Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / AHRQ HHS / HS / K01 HS022330; United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / U54 CA155496
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; diabetes / economic burden / health care expenditures / obesity
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10. Udo T, Purcell K, Grilo CM: Perceived weight discrimination and chronic medical conditions in adults with overweight and obesity. Int J Clin Pract; 2016 Dec;70(12):1003-1011

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Perceived weight discrimination and chronic medical conditions in adults with overweight and obesity.
  • METHODS: The study included 21 357 overweight/obese adults (52.9% women) from the 2001 to 2002 and 2004 to 2005 National Survey of Alcohol and Related Conditions.
  • Gender-stratified analyses revealed that perceived weight discrimination was associated with different medical conditions in women than men, and many associations became non-significant when adjusting for stressful life events, particularly for women.
  • CONCLUSIONS: Among overweight/obese adults, perceived weight discrimination is associated with significantly increased risk for obesity-related chronic medical conditions even after adjusting for BMI, physical activity and sociodemographic variables.
  • Such added health risk of overweight/obesity posed by perceived weight discrimination warrants public health and policy interventions against weight discrimination to reduce the socioeconomic burden of obesity.

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  • [Copyright] © 2016 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
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  • (PMID = 28032427.001).
  • [ISSN] 1742-1241
  • [Journal-full-title] International journal of clinical practice
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Int. J. Clin. Pract.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / K24 DK070052
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
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