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1. Taillie LS, Poti JM: Associations of Cooking With Dietary Intake and Obesity Among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participants. Am J Prev Med; 2017 Feb;52(2S2):S151-S160

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Associations of Cooking With Dietary Intake and Obesity Among Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Participants.
  • Therefore, frequent cooking may be more strongly associated with improved dietary outcomes among SNAP recipients than among income-eligible non-recipients.
  • METHODS: In 2016, data from low-income adults aged 19-65 years from the National Health and Nutrition Survey 2007-2010 (N=2,578) were used to examine associations of daily home-cooked dinner and weekly fast food intake with diet intake, including calories from solid fat and added sugar and key food groups (sugar-sweetened beverages, fruit, and vegetables), and prevalence of overweight/obesity.
  • Differences in these associations for SNAP recipients versus income-eligible non-recipients were analyzed, as well as whether associations were attenuated when controlling for fast food intake.
  • RESULTS: Daily home-cooked dinners were associated with small improvements in dietary intake for SNAP recipients but not for non-recipients, including lower sugar-sweetened beverage intake (-54 kcal/day), and reduced prevalence of overweight/obesity (-6%) (p<0.05).
  • Consuming at least one fast food meal/week was associated with 9.3% and 11.6% higher overweight/obesity prevalence among SNAP recipients and non-recipients, respectively (p<0.05).

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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  • (PMID = 28109417.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2607
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of preventive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Prev Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / P2C HD050924; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / R01 DK098072
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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2. Hutchison AT, Wittert GA, Heilbronn LK: Matching Meals to Body Clocks-Impact on Weight and Glucose Metabolism. Nutrients; 2017 Mar 02;9(3)

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • The notion that this is due to obesity, resulting from excessive energy consumption and reduced physical activity, is overly simplistic.
  • Circadian de-synchrony, which occurs when physiological processes are at odds with timing imposed by internal clocks, also promotes obesity and impairs glucose tolerance in mouse models, and is a feature of modern human lifestyles.
  • Lastly, we examine whether restricting food intake to discrete time periods, will prevent or reverse abnormalities in glucose metabolism with the view to improving metabolic health in shift workers and in those more generally at risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.

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  • (PMID = 28257081.001).
  • [ISSN] 2072-6643
  • [Journal-full-title] Nutrients
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Nutrients
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article; Review
  • [Publication-country] Switzerland
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; chronic disease risk / circadian rhythm / glucose metabolism / time-restricted feeding / type 2 diabetes
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3. Chaparro MP, Harrison GG, Wang MC, Seto EY, Pebley AR: The unhealthy food environment does not modify the association between obesity and participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in Los Angeles County. BMC Public Health; 2017 Jan 14;17(1):81

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The unhealthy food environment does not modify the association between obesity and participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) in Los Angeles County.
  • BACKGROUND: Participation in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) has been linked to an increased risk of obesity, but not much is known about the mechanisms behind this association.
  • The objective of this study was to determine if the neighborhood density of unhealthy food outlets modifies the association between obesity and participation in SNAP.
  • METHODS: Data comes from the first wave of the Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey; included are a subsample of adults (18+ years) who were SNAP participants or eligible non-participants (N = 1,176).
  • We carried out multilevel analyses with obesity (BMI ≥ 30 Kg/m<sup>2</sup>), SNAP participation, and the neighborhood density of unhealthy food outlets as dependent, independent and modifying variables, respectively, controlling for age, gender, race/ethnicity, marital status, working status, mental health, and neighborhood poverty.
  • RESULTS: SNAP participants had double the odds of obesity compared to eligible non-participants (OR = 2.02; 95%CI = 1.44-2.83).
  • CONCLUSIONS: SNAP participation was associated with higher odds of obesity in our primarily Hispanic sample in Los Angeles County, with no effect modification found for the unhealthy portion of the food environment.
  • Additional research is needed to elucidate the mechanisms linking SNAP participation and obesity as they remain unclear.
  • [MeSH-major] Food Assistance / statistics & numerical data. Food Supply / statistics & numerical data. Obesity / epidemiology. Residence Characteristics / statistics & numerical data

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  • (PMID = 28088219.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2458
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NICHD NIH HHS / HD / P2C HD041022
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Effect modification / Food environment / Los Angeles County / Multilevel analysis / Obesity / SNAP
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4. Frayon S, Cherrier S, Cavaloc Y, Wattelez G, Touitou A, Zongo P, Yacef K, Caillaud C, Lerrant Y, Galy O: Misperception of weight status in the pacific: preliminary findings in rural and urban 11- to 16-year-olds of New Caledonia. BMC Public Health; 2017 Jan 05;17(1):25

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • BACKGROUND: Adolescent obesity is prevalent in Pacific region ethnic groups (European, Melanesian and Polynesian) living in both urban and rural areas.
  • The International Obesity Task Force (IOTF) standards were used to define weight status as normal-weight, underweight or overweight/obese.
  • However, half the overweight/obese adolescents underestimated their weight status (53% boys and 48% girls).
  • [MeSH-major] Body Image. Body Mass Index. European Continental Ancestry Group. Oceanic Ancestry Group. Overweight / psychology. Pediatric Obesity / psychology. Weight Perception

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  • (PMID = 28056931.001).
  • [ISSN] 1471-2458
  • [Journal-full-title] BMC public health
  • [ISO-abbreviation] BMC Public Health
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] England
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Adolescents / Ethnicity / Melanesian / Overweight / Polynesian / Weight perception
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5. Schwartz MB: Moving Beyond the Debate Over Restricting Sugary Drinks in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program. Am J Prev Med; 2017 Feb;52(2S2):S199-S205

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Moving Beyond the Debate Over Restricting Sugary Drinks in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program.
  • : To address the dual problem of food insecurity and poor nutrition, the U.S.
  • Department of Agriculture has recently revised the nutrition standards for nearly all of its federal food programs to align with the Dietary Guidelines for Americans.
  • One notable exception is the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP).
  • Policy proposals to restrict SNAP benefits based on nutrition quality (e.g., excluding sugary drinks) have generated controversy and have polarized previous research and advocacy allies.
  • This essay presents many of the issues that have emerged, which include challenges about the feasibility, justification, and effectiveness of restricting benefits; the risk of a slippery slope; concerns about participant dignity; and finally, distrust about the motives behind promoting and opposing a policy change.
  • The purpose of this review is to increase mutual understanding and respect of different perspectives.
  • The conclusion is that the rationales behind both support and opposition to updating the policies regulating SNAP benefits based on nutrition are fundamentally the same-the belief that a fair and just society cares for and protects vulnerable citizens, which in this case are low-income Americans who need assistance affording healthy food.
  • Recommendations include activities to restore trust between the public health and anti-hunger communities, authentic engagement of SNAP participants in the conversation, and an optional SNAP program that includes both incentives and restrictions.

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2016 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28109423.001).
  • [ISSN] 1873-2607
  • [Journal-full-title] American journal of preventive medicine
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Am J Prev Med
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Editorial
  • [Publication-country] Netherlands
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6. Riaño-Galán I, Fernández-Somoano A, Rodríguez-Dehli C, Valvi D, Vrijheid M, Tardón A: Proatherogenic Lipid Profile in Early Childhood: Association with Weight Status at 4 Years and Parental Obesity. J Pediatr; 2017 Aug;187:153-157.e2

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Proatherogenic Lipid Profile in Early Childhood: Association with Weight Status at 4 Years and Parental Obesity.
  • Weight status in children at 4 years of age was classified as overweight or obese using the International Obesity Task Force criteria.
  • RESULTS: A total of 12.9% of children were overweight and 6.4% were obese.
  • The risk of overweight/obesity was increased 4.17-fold if mothers were overweight/obese (95% CI 1.76-9.88) and 5.1-fold (95% CI 2.50-10.40) if both parents were overweight/obese.
  • The risk of a proatherogenic lipid profile was increased 2.44-fold (95% CI 1.54-3.86) if they were overweight/obese at 4 years of age and 2-fold if the father was overweight/obese (95% CI 1.22-3.35).
  • CONCLUSIONS: Four-year-old overweight/obese children have higher lipid risk profiles.
  • Offspring of overweight/obese parents have an increased risk for obesity and a proatherogenic lipid profile.
  • [MeSH-major] Body Weight / physiology. Lipids / blood. Obesity / complications. Overweight / complications

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  • [Copyright] Copyright © 2017 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • (PMID = 28529017.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-6833
  • [Journal-full-title] The Journal of pediatrics
  • [ISO-abbreviation] J. Pediatr.
  • [Language] eng
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Chemical-registry-number] 0 / Lipids
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; cardiometabolic / early childhood / lipid profile / parental BMI / profile / weight status
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7. Kułaga Z, Grajda A, Gurzkowska B, Wojtyło MA, Góźdź M, Litwin MS: The prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school- aged children and adolescents. Przegl Epidemiol; 2016;70(4):641-651
MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Obesity in Children.

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] The prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school- aged children and adolescents
  • THE AIM: The aim was to estimate the prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish school-aged children and adolescents in a population-based, random sample.
  • The prevalence of overweight and obesity was determined using three childhood obesity definitions: the Centers for Disease Control, the International Obesity Task Force, and the World Health Organization.
  • The prevalence of overweight and obesity among adolescents aged 13−18 years was in the range 14.6−19.4% and 10.3−13.0%, boys and girls, respectively, using international definitions of childhood overweight.
  • The prevalence of obesity among children aged 7−12 years was in the range 5.5−13.1% and 3.6−6.4%, in boys and girls, respectively.
  • The prevalence of obesity among adolescents aged 13−18 years was in the range3.4−5.0% and 2.0−2.6%, boys and girls, respectively.
  • CONCLUSIONS: The estimates of overweight and obesity prevalence varied substantially by age group, gender and the definition used.
  • Comparing to the European countries, Poland had medium to high level of childhood and youth overweight and obesity prevalence.
  • High prevalence of overweight and obesity among Polish children and adolescents requires implementation of public health approach to the problem.
  • [MeSH-major] Child Welfare / statistics & numerical data. Pediatric Obesity / diagnosis. Pediatric Obesity / epidemiology

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  • MedlinePlus Health Information. consumer health - Children's Health.
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  • (PMID = 28233966.001).
  • [ISSN] 0033-2100
  • [Journal-full-title] Przeglad epidemiologiczny
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Przegl Epidemiol
  • [Language] eng; pol
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] Poland
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8. Zhu A, Chen J, Wu P, Luo M, Zeng Y, Liu Y, Zheng H, Zhang L, Chen Z, Sun Q, Li W, Duan Y, Su D, Xiao Z, Duan Z, Zheng S, Bai L, Zhang X, Ju Z, Li Y, Hu R, Pandol SJ, Han YP: Cationic Polystyrene Resolves Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis, Obesity, and Metabolic Disorders by Promoting Eubiosis of Gut Microbiota and Decreasing Endotoxemia. Diabetes; 2017 Aug;66(8):2137-2143

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Cationic Polystyrene Resolves Nonalcoholic Steatohepatitis, Obesity, and Metabolic Disorders by Promoting Eubiosis of Gut Microbiota and Decreasing Endotoxemia.
  • A pandemic of metabolic diseases, consisting of type 2 diabetes, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, and obesity, has imposed critical challenges for societies worldwide, prompting investigation of underlying mechanisms and exploration of low-cost and effective treatment.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 by the American Diabetes Association.
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  • (PMID = 28446519.001).
  • [ISSN] 1939-327X
  • [Journal-full-title] Diabetes
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Diabetes
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NCI NIH HHS / CA / P01 CA163200; United States / NIDDK NIH HHS / DK / P01 DK098108
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
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9. Birdsill AC, Oleson S, Kaur S, Pasha E, Ireton A, Tanaka H, Haley A: Abdominal obesity and white matter microstructure in midlife. Hum Brain Mapp; 2017 Apr 08;

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] Abdominal obesity and white matter microstructure in midlife.
  • The aging U.S. population and the recent rise in the prevalence of obesity are two phenomena of great importance to public health.
  • In addition, research suggests that midlife body mass index (BMI) is a risk factor for dementia, a particularly costly disease, in later life.
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the role of abdominal obesity, the most metabolically active adipose tissue compartment, and white matter microstructure in midlife.
  • This is the first study to report a positive relationship between obesity and FA, indicating a more complicated view of this relationship in the aging brain.

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  • [Copyright] © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
  • (PMID = 28390146.001).
  • [ISSN] 1097-0193
  • [Journal-full-title] Human brain mapping
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Hum Brain Mapp
  • [Language] eng
  • [Grant] United States / NINDS NIH HHS / NS / R01 NS075565
  • [Publication-type] Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] United States
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; MRI / adiposity / aging / diffusion tensor imaging / waist circumference
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10. Zhang MX, Cheng H, Zhao XY, Wu LJ, Yan YK, Mi J: [Effect of genetic polymorphisms on change in body mass index and obesity status during childhood]. Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi; 2017 Jul 06;51(7):635-641

  • [Source] The source of this record is MEDLINE®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine.
  • [Title] [Effect of genetic polymorphisms on change in body mass index and obesity status during childhood].
  • <b>Objective:</b> The present study aimed to prospectively validate whether the single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in obesity-related genes were associated with change in body mass index (BMI) and obesity status during childhood.
  • A total of 777 children (246 obese and 531 non-obese) were reassessed for BMI.
  • Overweight and obesity were diagnosed by the age-and sex-specific BMI cutoffs recommended by the International Obesity Task Force.
  • Linear regression models and logistic regression models were performed to assess the associations of change in BMI Z-score and obese status with genotypes (assuming an additive model), respectively.
  • <b>Results:</b> During 6 years of follow-up, 158 previously obese children remained obese as they aged into adolescence, and 88 transiently obese children were not obese during the second survey, 58 children were newly identified obese, and the other 473 children remained their non-obese state.
  • As the non-obese reference, a significantly relative risk of obesity at follow up was observed for children carrying rs9939609 A-allele versus the T-allele carriers (<i>OR=</i>2.37, 95%<i>CI:</i> 1.45-3.88, <i>P=</i>0.001).
  • Rs17782313 C-allele was significantly increase the risk of obesity only at baseline (<i>OR=</i>1.79, 95%<i>CI:</i> 1.24-2.60, <i>P=</i>0.002).
  • Rs1805081 A-allele was significantly associated with durative of obesity (<i>OR=</i>1.45, 95%<i>CI:</i> 1.04-2.03, <i>P=</i>0.028).
  • Each unit higher genetic risk score was associated with increases risk of 0.18 times (<i>OR=</i>1.18, 95%<i>CI:</i> 1.05-1.33) in childhood transient obesity, and 0.22 times (<i>OR=</i>1.22, 95% <i>CI:</i> 1.06-1.42) in incident obesity at follow-up.
  • But it was not significantly associated with persisted obesity during 6 years of follow-up (<i>OR=</i>1.09, 95% <i>CI:</i> 0.99-1.20).
  • <b>Conclusion:</b> We confirmed that the change of BMI and obesity status in children was affected by different genetic factors.
  • Individual who carries more risk alleles in obesity-related genes may increase the susceptibility to obesity.

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  • (PMID = 28693089.001).
  • [ISSN] 0253-9624
  • [Journal-full-title] Zhonghua yu fang yi xue za zhi [Chinese journal of preventive medicine]
  • [ISO-abbreviation] Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi
  • [Language] chi
  • [Publication-type] English Abstract; Journal Article
  • [Publication-country] China
  • [Keywords] NOTNLM ; Body mass index / Childhood / Follow up / Obesity / Polymorphism, single nucleotide
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